Geographic Structure

Nepal is of roughly trapezoidal shape, 800 kilometers long and 200 kilometers wide, with an area of 147,181 km2 and it situated between latitudes 26° and 31°N, and longitudes 80° and 89°E.Nepal is divided into three physio-graphic areas: Mountain region (4000 meter and above altitude), Hill (800-4000 meter altitude) and Terai (less than 700 meter altitude). The Mountain Region is situated in the Great Himalayan Range, makes up the northern part of Nepal. It contains the highest elevations in the world including 8,848 meters (29,029 ft) height Mount Everest on the border with China. Seven other of the world’s eight thousand meter peaks are in Nepal or on its border with China: Lhotse, Makalu, Cho Oyu, Kanchenjunga, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna and Manaslu.